Los Angeles lies in a bowl in Southern California, adjoining the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as high as ten,000 feet (three,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers close to 469 square miles (1,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most crowded district in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan zone (MSA) is home to 13.1 million folks, generating it the 2nd–largest metropolitan zone in the country following New York. Higher Los Angeles incorporates metro Los Angeles just as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the 2nd most crowded U.S. joined measurable zone, likewise following New York, with a 2015 gauge of 18.seven million folks. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles escorts had been assured by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was established on September four, 1781, by Spanish representative Felipe de Neve. It turned into a piece of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, towards the finish of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the remainder of California had been bought as a function of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and in this method turned out to be a piece of the United States. Los Angeles was consolidated as a region on April four, 1850, 5 months ahead of California accomplished statehood. The revelation of oil throughout the 1890s carried fast advancement to the city. The city was in addition extended with the finishing of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which conveys water from Eastern California. Los Angeles has an assorted economy and hosts organizations in a wide scope of skilled and social fields. It likewise has the busiest compartment port in the entire Americas. A globally city, it has been positioned sixth in the Worldwide Cities Index and ninth in the Worldwide Financial Energy Index. The Los Angeles metropolitan region likewise has a gross metropolitan end result of $1. trillion (starting at 2017), generating it the third-largest city by GDP on the planet, following the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan territories. Los Angeles facilitated the 1932 and 1984 Summer time Olympics and will have the 2028 Summer time Olympics.