New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish situated along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a key port, New Orleans is regarded as an economic and industrial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.
New Orleans is planet-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, distinctive dialect, new orleans escorts and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, recognized for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most distinctive” in the United States, owing in big component to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was as soon as the territorial capital of French Louisiana ahead of being traded to the United States in the Louisiana Obtain of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the greatest city in the American South from the Antebellum era till soon after Planet War II. The city’s spot and flat elevation have historically created it very vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have put in a complicated method of levees and drainage pumps in an effort to safeguard the city.
New Orleans was severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding more than 80% of the city, thousands of deaths, and so significantly displacement due to the fact of damaged communities and misplaced housing as to lead to a population decline of in excess of 50%. Given that Katrina, key redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Issues about gentrification, new residents purchasing house in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.